The Baldys of Falmer
Rebecca Baldy, the wife of William Worsfold was born in Falmer in 1797, to a family that had been living in this small Sussex village for more than one hundred years.
Although Rebecca left, other members of the family remained and their descendants were still there two centuries later.
Falmer is situated on the Sussex Downs a short distance from both Lewes and Brighton. An ancient village, mentioned in the Domesday Book, as Falemere a name of Saxon origin which historians suggest has two possible derivations. One is Falas Mere, a lake or pond belonging to Fala who may have been a local Saxon Chieftain as Fala is masculine, or it means Fallows Mere, a dark pool or lake. Both of these possible meanings could confirm that Falmerpond was in existence in Saxon times. However settlement in the area is likely to be considerably older than that, there is evidence of an iron age field system nearby and the remains of a romano-british cemetery was discovered in 1849. The sarsen stones surrounding the village pump, near the pond are similar to the stone used at Stonehenge.
The village church dedicated to St. Laurence is also mentioned in the Domesday Book. A short history of the parish church records that until 1813 the church consisted of a twelfth or thirteenth century nave and chancel with a Western bell cote. Early records show that the chancel was in a ruinous state by 1586. It was still in ruins in 1633 when Thomas Verrail, the farmer of the rectory, was ordered to repair it by the Archdeaconry Court of Lewes.
Presumably at that time there was no resident parson or rector, which may account for lack of parish registers prior to this time.
A line drawing of the church dated 1802, shows that at that time it appears to have had a very long south slanted slate roof , a small Westerly bell cote and to be much smaller than the present church, and almost square in appearance.
In 1813 the old church was demolished and a vestry meeting resolved to build a new church. The vestry meeting was attended by the Revd Thomas Baker (Vicar), R. Hendley (Balmer), Richard Hart (Falmer Court) - Churchwardens; T. Poole (Hodshrove), Richard Wcodman (Hounsdean), R. Verrall (Bevendean), W. Moon (Mary Farm) and R. Chrismas. The Second Earl of Chichester contributed largely to the cost of the new church.
The church was substantially rebuilt on the foundations of the former one, with the addition to the tower. Lord Pelham is said to have laid the first stone of the church on 1st May 1815 and the church was opened for services on Christmas Eve 1815. A quite amazingly short building time.The situation regarding the conduct of services is not clear, as the church registers continue during this time as though there had been no hiatus. It may well be that marriages and baptisms were carried out in the church in Stanmer, without any note being made to that effect.
A watercolour by Henry Petrie, who carried out a survey of Churches in the South of England shows that in 1824 the windows of the church were small half-circles on the south facing side. These were changed some fifty years later, but small semi circles of flint are still visible and indicators of the old windows.
There was another major restoration in 1912, the main works being; re-seating of the nave, re-colouring the walls, renewing part of the roof and the woodwork and the vestry, and redecoration of the eastern end. The cost of providing pews was recorded as £2. 16s each. Re-colouring cost £10 and necessary roof repairs were estimated at £10.
The church is situated on the edge of the village and is fronted by a large pond. In medieval times there was a monastery in the vicinity and the monks are said to have stocked the pond with the first carp ever to be imported into England.
Ann of Cleves, the fourth wife of Henry the Eighth, is reputed to be buried in the church yard, but there is no evidence for this local legend.
In more modern times, the church became well known by its use in a popular BBC television series “Waiting for God”.
The Parish Registers
The surviving Parish Registers date back only to 1649, although there is a board in the church which lists all the Vicars from 1385.
The first Baldy entry in the Registers is the baptism of William Baldie the son of Walter and Elizabeth Baldie on 18thJune 1676.
There is no mention in the Falmer Registers of the marriage of Walter and Elizabeth, so they may well have married in another parish. There is a Walter Bauldey who married in the parish church of St. Nicholas, Brighton 5thJune 1661 but the name of his spouse is not shown.
The William born in 1676 then is most likely to be the William Baldy who married Anne Wood in Falmer in 1699, and from then on the descendancy is quite clear, although the frequent usage of the same first names occasionally causes some doubt and confusion.
There is also a period between 1738 and 1761 in the parish registers when there were no Baldy Marriage entries. One can only assume that the marriageable males for that period went elsewhere to marry. However during this period there were only one or two marriages per year in the church, in any case, and again this may indicate periods when there was no resident vicar.
The Baldy line survived in the village for well over 200 years, but by the time of the 1881 Census there was only one remaining family, that of George Baldy a 4 times great grandson of the original Walter. Also still in Falmer in 1881 was the widowed Thomas Baldy another four times great grandson and his son John.
The 1891 census still showed Baldys in the village as did the census taken at the turn of the century in 1901. In that year, Thomas Baldy mentioned above, together with his wife and two sons were still in the village. There was also Harry Baldy, a four times great grandson of William Baldy, together with his widowed mother Catherine.
There were also other descendants of William who did not bear the name Baldy or any of its variants, including Thomas Walls, a four times great grandson together with his wife and a niece, Eva Beard.
The Parish Registers contain a memorandum noting:
“Jan 31st1815 the population of the parish consisted of 198 Males and 183 females, a total of 381.
During the period 1811 to 1820 there had been 127 Baptisms, 50 Burials and 29 Marriages.
In 1821 the population was 437 and in the period 1821 to 1830 there had been 143 Baptisms, 85 Burials and 29 Marriages
In 1831 the population was 435.”
The populations figures from the national censuses from 1841 show 1841 -567 persons, 1851 - 537, 1861 – 513, 1871 – 520, 1881 – 582, 1891 – 543 and 1901 -458. The reason for the drop in numbers from 1891 to 1901 is not clear from any historical event that we can identify.
The history of English villages survive almost entirely in the church, court and manorial records, the writings of the gentry and an occasional diary. The Victoria History of Sussex devotes four and a half pages to Falmer, most of which details the records relating to the Lords of the manor down the centuries. The day to day lives of the agricultural parishioners has largely gone unrecorded and must be pieced together from scraps from the above records, and to a great extent extrapolation from other sources. So in the absence of detailed information, we can never really know how any given individual spent his days, lived his life, and finally expired. The only thing we can be sure of, is that for the most part of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the life of the average agricultural labourer was not easy. Wages were poor, food was inadequate and life expectancy was low.
The spelling of this name in the parish registers of Falmer and elsewhere has varied down the years, so we have used the spelling as it appears in the original documents, even though the same person might have had different spellings in different documents.
The first entry in the Falmer parish records was the christening or baptism of William Baldie. Wm the son of Walter Baldie & Eliz baptised 18 June 1676. This entry however, is in the Bishops transcripts and does not appear in the extant Parish Register for that year.
There are no other children of this couple recorded as being baptised in Falmer and we have not been able to positively identify their marriage. There is the record of the marriage of a Walter Bauldie to Elizabeth Weaver in St. Nicholas Church Brighton on 6thSeptember 1624, however we consider that this is unlikely to be this couple.
1676 was only 18 years after the restoration of the Monarchy in England following the Civil War and the subsequent Commonwealth, and only ten years after the great fire of London. A period of change throughout the British Isles.
Walter Baldie was no doubt working on one of the several farms in the Falmer area. Agricultural labourers in those days were poorly paid and lived at a barely subsistence level. Their houses were mostly two roomed cottages, one up and one down, with a dirt floor at the ground level. There was usually a fire place, but no oven so that at this time cooking was done on the fire. What was known as Butchers Meat was a rare luxury, so food for the most part was boiled. Although the surrounding fields and woodlands would have teemed with rabbits and small birds which could have provided food for the poor labourer, and his family, these were off limits as being “game” and all game belonged to the landowner. Some cottages located outside the village were often larger, consisting of four rooms, and some had outbuildings and an area of land around which could used to keep livestock or grow some vegetables.
Falmer was part of a mainly sheep farming area, and had been so back to the time of the Norman Conquest as revealed in the Domesday Book. However there were a few arable and dairy farms in the parish and these would have provided work for a number of labourers.
Walter continued to live in Falmer until his death in 1680 and he was buried in the churchyard there on Thursday 12thOctober of that year. There is no reference in the parish registers to the burial of Elizabeth, his wife either before or after the death of Walter. However there is a gap in the Bishops Transcripts, the only remaining records for this period, between 1664 and 1671.
There is a note with the Bishops Transcripts for the year 1671 from the Churchwardens, “Our Church is in good repair, but to the best of our knowledge we have not had a sacrament these three or four years.”
William Baldie, effectively the first of the surname to be born in the village was only four years old when his father died, however he must have remained in Falmer as he married there in 1699 at the age of 23. He married Anne Wood on Saturday 18thMay 1699 in the Parish Church. We have been unable to identify the parentage of Anne.
William and Ann had nine children between 1700 and 1719, all baptised in the parish church in Falmer. Anne (1700), Elizabeth (1702) , Mary,(1704) William (1707), Thomas (1709 ), John christened on Wednesday 5thOctober 1712, Edward and Jane, twins, followed in 1717, and finally Richard (1719), who only lived for three years. Richard, buried in 1722, is noted in the parish register as having been buried in wool, in accordance with the law at that time. This indicated that William his father had regular employment and was not a pauper, as he would then have been exempt from this provision.
There were no daily newspapers prior to this time. The first 'The Daily Courant' was first published in 1702. This event no doubt went unnoticed by the Baldys' as it is most unlikely that agricultural labourers, woodcutters and shepherds would have received any schooling in a village the size of Falmer. However they would have been only too well aware of the violent storm which swept southern England in December of 1703. Said to have been the most severe storm of the century, a third of the British Merchant fleet was lost and the Eddystone lighthouse destroyed.
Only two of the eight surviving children of William and Ann remained in the village. For Anne Baldy the eldest daughter, and Mary, the third, we have been unable to identify a marriage or death in Falmer, so we must surmise that they left the village to find work in either Brighton or Lewes, or even further afield, and married there.
In 1713, Henry Pelham of Lewes bought Stanmer Estate for £7,500. He died in 1721 and his eldest son Henry, then appointed French architect Nicolas Dubois to design a new house in the fashionable Palladian style. With the old Manor demolished, work began on the new house in 1722, using sandstone quarried in the Weald.
Also in 1722 Elizabeth, the second daughter of William and Ann, married William Jonnor- (spelling here is indecisive, as the register page is in bad condition) on Friday 10th July in Falmer. Her husband William was probably from Lurgashall as the couple went to live there and had two children, Mary Joyner born 1723 and William Joyner born 1727. Lurgashall was some 28 miles away from Falmer, a considerable distance in those days, and one wonders how the two became acquainted. Elizabeth, of course was 20 years old at the time of her marriage and would no doubt have been working away from home prior to this, there being very little work available in Falmer for young females.
William senior died in Falmer in 1729 at the age of 53 and was buried in the parish churchyard. We may think that this was an early age to die, but it was not unusual at that time.
William Baldy the eldest son of the first William, who had been born in 1707, married Ann Nokes on Sunday 26th Apr 1733 in Falmer. We do not know the parentage of Ann.
The couple remained in Falmer and the seven children from the marriage were all baptised in the parish church. William, christened on Tuesday 19th May 1733 died within a matter of days and was buried ten days later in the churchyard. Presumably the birth was premature. There followed John , Martha, Mary, William, Sarah and finally Ann, born in 1747.
William was left a widower when his wife Ann died in 1749. It must have been difficult in those days to be left to look after young children and earn a living, working the long hours that were common for agricultural labourers and shepherds. However the eldest daughter, Martha was thirteen years old by then and would no doubt have been expected to take on the household duties.
William died in 1757 in Falmer, at age 50, and was buried in the churchyard on Tuesday 5thJuly, having spent all his life in his home village, presumably as an agricultural labourer. He left behind a young family to presumably fend for themselves, although the eldest son John was 23 years old, the youngest daughter Ann was only ten.
Thomas Baldy, the second son of William and Ann who was born in 1709 married Ann Pack on Wednesday 6th February 1732 in the church of All Saints, Lewes. The couple remained living in Falmer and had five children all baptised in the parish church. William 1733 ,Thomas 1734, Ann 1738. Joanna 1742 and Richard 1744
It is not clear what happened to this family, as there are no further entries in the Parish Registers for any of them. We have not been able to identify death or marriage entries for these children, with the exception of Richard who married in Hamsey in 1765.
John Baldy-the third son of William and Ann born in 1712-married Mary Overy on Wednesday 28thSeptember 1735 in Stanmer, the adjoining parish. There is no indication of why the marriage took place in Stanmer, as Mary does not appear to have been born there, in fact we have been unable to identify a birthplace for her. The couple then went to live in the village of Litlington some seven and half miles away. They had four children: William Baldyin 1737 who only lived to the age of two and Jane in 1749 who lived only three months. Then followed two other daughters Mary in 1744 and Susan in 1745.John died and was buried on 21 Feb 1782 in Litlington at the age of seventy.
Edward Baldy-the fourth son of William and Ann-born in 1717 married Ann Dollidge on Wednesday 16th July 1738 in the church of St Thomas at Cliffe, Lewes. Edward and Ann subsequently lived in the village of Iford, which was part of the parish of Kingston Near Lewes, just over the hill, a little over three miles from Falmer. They had seven children: Dinah born in 1739 but who only lived until 1748, William 1740, Mary 1742, John,1845 Edward and Richard another set of twins born and died in 1747 less than two weeks old. The names were repeated later for Edward born 1749 and Richard born in 1752.
OfJane Baldy-the last daughter of William and Ann who had been born in 1717, the twin to Edward-there are no further records. She does not appear to have been married or buried in Falmer
Whilst Parish Registers record the births marriages and deaths of the village families, there are no other records of village daily life, so that there is no way of knowing how much, if at all, national events impinged on their daily lives. 1742 saw the start of the war with Spain, 1745 the Jacobite uprising in Scotland, with the infamous Battle of Colluden the following year ending with Bonnie Prince Charlie finally fleeing to France and the wearing of the kilt prohibited in Scotland. If these events did not cause a ripple in Falmer then the 1755 publication of Samuel Johnsons “Dictionary” would probably not even have got a mention. However 1760 is conventionally given as the start of the first Industrial Revolution and the results of the Enclosure Acts of the same year would soon become apparent.
By 1750 then, after 75 years and twenty five baptisms, there was only one Baldy family still living in the village. William and his wife Ann Nokes were still there with there young children, the eldest of these being the 16 year old John. However, like the children of his siblings, the majority of William's children did not remain in the village either.
So when William, the son of William and Ann Nokes came to marry in 1761, it would appear that he was then the last Baldy living in the village, all his siblings had departed for other fields, and both his parents were dead.
William married Rebecca Penfold on Tuesday 24thMarch 1761 in Falmer . The marriage registers states “both of this parish”. However we have not been able to identify the christening of Rebecca in Falmer in fact there were no Penfold entries in the Falmer registers until 1768. Rebecca was probably the daughter of William Penfold and Susan (Or Sussanah) formerly Farncombe
The couple remained living in Falmer and had seven children baptised in the parish Church. William (1761), John(1765), Martha(1767) Thomas (1769) -the year before James Cook arrives in Botany Bay for the first time, Ann(1771), Rebecca born 1774 but died in 1777 at the age of 3 and James (1779 ) who survived to the age of 8.
William appears to have died in 1779 at the age of 38, just over one hundred years after the birth of the first William mentioned in the Falmer registers. Unfortunately the parish clerks of Falmer, unlike other places, did not record the cause of death in the Burial registers, so we do not know the reason for William's early demise. Rebecca, his wife died in 1784 and was also interred in the churchyard. Neither lived long enough to attend the marriages of their two children who were to remain living in the village.
John Baldy, the second son of William and Rebecca (1765) lived for the rest of his life in Falmer and died in March 1843 , at age 78, and was buried on 13 March 1843 in the churchyard. John was an agricultural labourer and married Elizabeth Pettitt-a widow on Tuesday 19thApril 1791 in the parish church. The ten children from this marriage were all baptised in the parish church of Falmer.
Mary(1791), Nancy (1793), James (1795) lived but briefly and was buried on Sunday 5thJuly 1795. Martha (1796) , William (1799) , Sarah (1801) Edward (1803) Jesse born 1805 in Keymer Sussex, John his father presumably working away at the time and David (1808 )
John Baldy is shown on the 1841 census living alone in Falmer at the age of 75, presumably by this time his surviving children and their families had all moved away. As mentioned John died two years later. His wife Elizabeth had died in 1837, the first year of civil registration in England
Thomas Baldy, the third son of William and Rebecca, (1769) also remained in the village for all of his working life and died there in 1826 at the age of 57. Thomas had married Philadelphia Beard, the daughter of Richard Beard and Ann Lulham, on Monday 11thNovember 1793 in the church of St. Thomas at Cliffe, Lewes.
The children from this marriage were all christened in the Falmer parish church; Philis in 1794 Rebecca in 1797 , Thomas in 1798 , Sarahin 1800 , who lived for less than a year , Susannah 1804. James 1805, Eleanor 1808 Abigail 1810 and William 1817. the register entries varied the surname spelling between Baldey and Baldy.
The Nineteenth Century
As the sleepy Sussex village it might have been at the turn of the century, it would still not have been able to escape knowledge of the events occurring in the rest of the country. It was common knowledge that war was imminent with France, even though war was not actually declared until 1802, although the sea battle of Copenhagen took place in April 1801.
Closer to home, the villagers would have been aware, that their landlord Thomas Pelham was created Earl of Chichester in 1801, one hopes he threw a suitable party for his manorial tenants.
1802 also saw the introduction of Income tax in Britain to pay for the war with France. The rate was 2 pence in the pound for incomes over £60 per annum. The average wage of the agricultural labourer, rarely reached those sums. In fact some thirty odd years later, a report to the House of Commons showed that the average family wage at that time was less than £40 per annum and that was only where there were several children working as well as the main wage earner. The same year saw the introduction of legislation to control the use of child labour, however this had little effect on agricultural communities, it was clear that many families relied on the small wages of children to raise the family income above subsistence level.
Ten per cent of the male populations at this time were in the navy, army or the militia, as this was a nation which had virtually been at war for over five years, and the fear of invasion on the low -lying Sussex beaches had gone on for much longer. In 1799 a battalion of the Royal Sussex Regiment had been raised locally, and the following year took part in the capture of Malta from the French forces. And in 1805 there was the famous battle of Trafalgar and the death of Nelson.
The turn of the century then found two Baldy families living in Falmer.
John and his wife Elizabeth, who had married in 1791, had had five children, one of whom had died in its first year and were to go on to have four more children.
And there was Thomas Baldy who had married Philadelphia Beard in 1793 who had three children and were to have six more, including Rebecca, from whom we are descended.
Over the next few years, the number of Baldy family members remaining in the village, gradually increased, by dint of marriages and the inevitable christenings, but not necessarily in that order.
Martha Baldy married Thomas Walls in 1816 in the newly rebuilt parish church and went on to have seven children between then and 1837. James Baldy, the second son of Thomas and Philadelphia, married Hannah Shadwell in 1825 and had eight children in Falmer. William Baldy acquired a wife about 1827, presumably without benefit of clergy, as the saying goes, and had five children. Edward Baldy married Lydia Pope also in 1827 and had eleven children christened in the parish church, between 1827 and 1850. Jesse Baldy went to Brighton to marry Mary Ann Lullam and then had eight children christened in Falmer. Thomas Baldy, the eldest son of Thomas and Philadelphia, married Sussanah Wood in Lewes and had three children in Falmer.
Presumably after the rebuilding of the Parish church in 1815, there must have been a regular incumbent, as in 1825 a grand new rectory was erected. A seven bedroomed three storey house sitting on 2.5 acres currently occupied as a private residence and valued at over two million pounds.
1830 began a somewhat turbulent period in England. There was the death of George IV and the accession of William IV, and a revolution in France, both events causing more concern to the squirearchy than the working folk of Falmer.
In 1831 there was the first case of cholera in England but there are no records of the scourge spreading to the small country villages of Sussex. The following epidemic and the larger one of 1854 appears for the most part to have been confined to the larger towns and cities. The villagers of Falmer would however have been aware of the possibility of the contagion spreading to their locality, and thereby living in fear of this happening.
Also in recent years the harvests had been poor and there had been severe depression in agriculture since the end of the French wars in 1815. Whilst in 1827 there had been a good harvest, this was followed the next year by as good a summer as any year since 1814, weather wise, but a poor harvest. In 1829 there was a worse harvest with snow in October. A disastrous year for labourers - cold, hungry, unemployed, followed again in 1830 with a poor harvest.
Machine harvesting had also been introduced , and this tended to lower wages even more than in previous times. There was a form of parish relief, which to a certain extent subsidised the low wages being paid, but this hardly brought income up to above subsistence level.
These circumstances produced the so called “swing” riots in 1831 which started in Kent and spread into Sussex. Most of the rioters were convicted and sent to Van Diemans Land or Tasmania as it later became and a few ended on the gallows. The usual response of authorities dealing with those who questioned their right to starve in a rich country. There is no evidence that any actual rioting took place in Falmer or nearby.
It is not surprising either, that smuggling was still commonly known to carry on off the Sussex coast. Only the local justices of the Peace and the revenue officers did not approve of the activity. The villagers of Falmer would have been well aware of what went on, as the parish pound had a large cavern secreted below, which was capable of holding 100 tubs of spirits, and was so carefully disguised from the authorities, that it was only discovered, long after smuggling in that way had ceased. It is inconceivable that such a large excavation could have been carried out without practically everyone in the village knowing about it. Presumably there was no resident vicar at the time, but then again it was not unknown for a local parson to turn a blind eye to such activities.
1837 saw the accession of Queen Victoria to the throne, and no doubt suitable celebrations would have been held in the village on Wednesday 28thJune -the day of the coronation . On the following Sunday Lucy Baldy a four times great granddaughter of Walter, was baptised.
The new village schoolhouse was built about this time, and still exists today, albeit as cottages and the village hall. The school was one of the parish schools established as National Schools by the National Society for the provision of Religious Education which had been set up in 1811 with the aim was of establishing a church school in every parish in England.
1841 census for Falmer records three families with the name Baldy, as well as Thomas Walls and his wife formerly Martha Baldy, William Gold and his wife, the former Susan Baldy and Francis Meads and his wife who used to be Sarah Baldy. In all, 30 direct descendants . There was also the 12 year John Baldy working as a farm labourer on Court Farm, just outside the village and the location of a long barn dating back to the thirteenth century. William Baldy, aged 20, was labouring on the Stanmer estate.
The 1841 census is the first available record which gives some indication of village life. Small as the village was, it had its full complement of trades and occupations. James Pitt was the publican of the Swan Inn and nearby at the Vicarage was the curate William Stavely and his family. There was the grocer Henry Newman and the old mill was still operating. Two shoemakers lived in Falmer as well as Henry Pierce the wheelwright and William Caster the Blacksmith. The local schoolmistress was Miss Ann Hair from Yarmouth in Norfolk. The other occupations shown on the Falmer census were the usual spread of agricultural labourers, shepherds, woodcutters and the like.
By 1841 plans were well under way for an event which would change this village for ever- the arrival of the railway. The main road to Brighton had always more or less run through the village, however this was not quite the same as having a railway line bisecting it, which is what happened when the London to Brighton Railway company built the Lewes to Brighton line and opened the station at Falmer in 1846. A tunnel was constructed to take the railway line, however there was still considerable upheaval to the the villagers at the time and subsequently.
Of course the arrival of the railway brought benefits also, a certain number of jobs and much easier transport to both Brighton and Lewes. No doubt the young people of Falmer were amongst the earliest commuters, when there was no work in the village or nearby farms. It is also possible the the railway link to Brighton and then to London, enabled the organisation of groups to attend the great exhibition in 1851.
The 1851 census recorded a similar number of descendants as those in 1841. So that the arrivals and departures, either naturally or by migration to other parts of Sussex kept the balance in the village. Eight Baldy related families now occupying cottages in the village, comprising 41 persons, mostly agricultural labourers.
The 1851 Post Office directory records that the receiver of Posts for the village was Miss Elizabeth Baldy. The Penny post had been established in 1840, and this together with the gradual expansion of the railways, had resulted in a considerable increase in the use of post. The directory also records the existence of a National School in the village, thus increasing the educational opportunities for the children of the inhabitants. It goes without saying, of course, that education would no doubt have been interrupted by the need of the children to work at harvest time and so on.
Amongst those in the village in 1851 was David Baldy, the youngest son of John Baldy and Elizabeth Balcombe. David was lodging in the house of Hannah Baldy the widow of his brother James. David was described on the census as “married” whereas he was a widower, his wife Hannah having died the previous year. There is something of a mystery here in that we are unable to identify the registration either of a son David in about 1850 nor the death of Hannah in the same year. We must assume that there had to have been a death as David next married Harriet Tuppen in 1854 in Brighton after the birth of their first child Phillip Baldy who was born on 7thFebruary 1854 in Brighton and was christened on 17thAugust 1856 in Falmer There followed two other children both born in Falmer. Walter Baldychristened on 17thAugust 1856 and Mark Baldy christened on 18thDecember 1859 .
Thomas Walls, the husband of the former Martha Baldy, is listed on the 1851 census as being the Parish Clerk.
A wheelwright in the village was Thomas Worsfield from West Grinstead and his family. This does not appear to be a misspelling of Worsfold.
The census of 1851 also highlighted some of the changes which had taken place in Falmer in the previous decade. All three of the larger farms in the area had changed hands. The Blacksmith William Caster had also taken on the role wheelwright and was employing seven men, this no doubt due to the increase in the use of mechanical equipment in farming. There was now a resident Railway station clerk, William Ampleford from Deptford, Kent and also living in the village as a lodger was an Assistant Superintendant of Police, James Taylor.
David Baldey and Harriet were living in Falmer at the time of the 1861 census , and with them was David Baldy the son of David's previous marriage and Alfred Tuppen who had been born to Harriet in 1845. Later they moved to the nearby village of Kingston Near Lewes, where David was murdered on Friday 9thOctober 1868 at the age of 60, but more of that later.
Also in the village in 1861 were three other descendants of Walter Baldie with the surname Baldy, which appears to then be the accepted spelling, as well as three families with the surname Walls plus Francis Mead and his wife. In the adjoining village of Stanmer there was Thomas Baldy his wife and Ann and their children, all also descended from Walter. In all close to 50 direct descendants, with twice that number living elsewhere. Edward Baldy is shown as having the unusual occupation of “scavenger”, whereas previously he had been a shepherd.
Rebecca Baldy, the second daughter of Thomas and Philadelphia at the age of 26 had married William Worsfold on Friday 25th April 1823 in St Olaves Southwark. Rebecca and William had five children. At the time of the 1841 and 1851 censuses, they were living in Lambeth. When Rebecca left Falmer to go to London we do not know, or if William Worsfold ever visited the village. Rebecca died on Tuesday 2nd May 1865 in 6 Russell Place, Southwark, at age 68.
Eleanor Baldy , one of Rebecca's sisters, born in 1808 did not marry. We do not know where she was in 1841 and 1851, but at the time of the 1861 census she is working as a cook in the house of a member of the stock exchange in Hammersmith, London. By 1871 she is not in employment and is lodging in Clapham. She must have returned to her home village some time after that as she died in 1876, at age 68, and was buried on 6th September 1876 in Falmer.
Thomas Baldy, Rebecca's eldest brother born 1798 ,was an agricultural labourer and married Sussanah Wood in 1832. Sussanah was from Lewes and was a widow. The banns were called in the Falmer church in April of that year, but the marriage did not take place there.
Thomas and Susannah had three children in Falmer but only one survived beyond infanthood. Thomas born on 13 Feb 1833 died in 1834, at age 1, and was buried on 14th March 1834, Barbara was born on 30th March 1834 and was christened on 4th May 1834 . Philadelphia was born on 2nd September 1835 christened on 14th September 1835 and was buried on 3rd Nov 1835. Sussanah died in 1836 and was buried in Falmer. The Parish Clerk at this time not only could not keep the spelling of the surnname consistent, but also varied the mother's name between Philadelphia and Phillis. Thomas does not appear on the 1841 census for Falmer nor does he appear to have been buried there, he may well have already died elsewhere, as his daughter Barabara was living with the Gold family in 1841.
Charles Barlow the Rector of Stanmer cum Falmer was in occupation of the Rectory in 1861 and obviously needed the seven bedrooms to accommodate himself, his wife and three daughters as well as three servants. He would also have needed to keep a spare room for any visiting Bishop or Archdeacon.
Falmer by now had its own resident Police Constable, Charles Collins living there with his wife and family. Another new occupation in the village was that of Coal merchant, being carried on by Francis Mead.
There was also some competition for Henry Newman the long established grocer as Elizabeth Barhill is listed as being a grocer and baker. Miss Hare was still the village schoolmistress but by now had been joined by a male teacher, John Turl from Leicester, who had an Irish Wife, Julia
1869 saw the construction of Knights Almshouses alongside the village pond. The buildings were erected in the memory of Mary Chichester, the wife of Henry Thomas Pelham, the third Earl of Chichester. The semi-detached buildings are single storey, have random flintwork and leaded windows with diamond paned glass. Above a porch which serves both of the houses is a carved stone tablet, which bears the arms of the Pelham family. Over the windows on the front elevation are two further stone tablets which bear the Countess's initials MC and the date 1869. These two cottages still exist and are now known as Pelham Cottages.
There does not appear to be any records of the use of the alms houses, nor who qualified to live in them.
The 1871 census reveals a little change in the Baldy inhabitants of Falmer. Alfred Baldy and his family were still there, as was Thomas Baldy, his wife Ellen and six children, and the 71 year old William Baldy and his wife Elizabeth. George Baldy and his wife Catherine had three children to support. The 22 year old Jonathon Baldy was in lodgings . Timothy Walls and Mary Ann with two children were in the village as was the widowed Henry Walls and five children. Their mother, the widowed Martha Walls lived nearby at the age of 74. Francis Meads, widowed and aged 69 lived alone, his two surviving children living elsewhere.
In nearby Stanmer, there is Thomas Baldy and his wife Ann with six of their children. Thomas is a grandson of William and Rebecca.
The 1881 census recorded a further depletion of the Baldy name in the village. There was only George Baldy and his wife Catherine and four children together with two widows, Mary Ann Baldy and Elizabeth Baldy . Thomas Walls and his wife Mary Ann and two children plus one grandson were also in the village. Outside the village on Balmer Farm the widowed Thomas Baldy and his 16 year old son John living and working. In Stanmer, Thomas Baldey. working as a cowman and his wife and children were living in one of the private cottages, but were no doubt working for the Pelham family.
Thus of the 19 people with the surname Baldy or Baldey, listed on the census as having been born in Falmer, only eight were actually living in the village at the time.
In the 1880s there were said to be two pubs in Falmer, The Swan and the Oldmarket, however there appears to be no further trace of the latter. The Swan, appears to have been the more popular venue, and the sounds of the Saturday night singing were supposed to have been heard some miles away.
The 1891 census showed a somewhat similar story to the one before. Street names had started to appear, due no doubt to the expansion of the village during the intervening years. There was George Baldey in Middle Street with his wife Catherine and four of their children. George was a four times great grandson of Walter Baldie and as a farm labourer followed the same occupation as had his ancestor two hundred years previously.
Mary Baldey and Sarah Beard were both widowed and also living in Middle Street, so this would appear to be the main street of the village, as it also included the Parish Church. Henry Walls and his wife Jane were living nearby, as was Thomas Walls, the bricklayer, with his wife Ellen, daughter Lilian and their niece, Eva Beard. Middle Street is a row of four -roomed cottages, faced with flint, similar to the facade of the church when built in 1816.
The 79 year old widow Elizabeth Walls was living in North Street.
Thomas Baldy and Ann were still in Stanmer, with three children still at home.
In 1901, the census revealed that the families had dwindled even more. Thomas Baldey and his wife Ann and two sons, who had appeared on earlier censuses in Stanmer, were now in Falmer Terrace on Lewes Road, some recently constructed cottages. He is described now as a farm labourer, instead of the cowman that he had been previously. The now widowed Catherine Baldy and her son Harry, were still living in Middle Street. She is shown as having no occupation, so presumably she is being supported on the earnings of the fifteen year old Harry in his job as a farm carter. Frank Baldey, his wife Amy and two young daughters were listed on Ridge Farm. Alfred Walls a five time great grandson of Walter, and his wife were living in the village as was his married cousin Thomas and his wife, who had a niece Eva Beard living with them. A total of 14 out of the numerous descendants of Walter who were still living at the time.
The available records stop there. How long the name survived in the village, we do not know, but there is not a single Baldy living in Falmer these days. Perchance they could not afford a seven bedroomed house at 2 million pounds, anyway.
“Shocking Murder Near Lewes”
“Diabolical Murder on The Southdowns”
These were the headings of newspapers reports in October 1868 referring to the murder of David Baldy.
David was a third great grandson of Walter Baldie of Falmer and was living in Kingston near Lewes with his wife Harriet. According to newspaper reports she was his fourth wife, but we have only been able to identify one other.
David was found dead on the morning on Saturday 9thOctober by his two sons, Phillip aged fourteen and Walter two years younger. It appears that on the previous evening, David had gone down into the village to the house of Mr. Hodson for whom he worked, to collect his fortnights wages and that of his two sons who worked for the same farmer. He arrived at Hodsons at about a quarter to six and was paid fifty one shillings in two sovereigns, a half sovereign and a shilling. His pay was fourteen shillings a week, that of Phillip was six shillings and sixpence per week, so the balance of ten shillings would have been the pay due to Walter for two weeks. He was seen some twenty minutes later still in Kingston but remarked to someone that he wanted to get into Falmer over the hill to collect some boots he had ordered. He did not arrive in Falmer and did not go home that night.
On Saturday morning about six o'clock, the two boys left the house to go to work, and about four hundred yards away they found the body of their father on the ground. The went back to the house and sought the assistance of Joseph Holland who was a lodger at the house. On going back with Holland to the body they found William Tuppen also there. The two men examined the body and then decided to raise the alarm. Holland, who also worked for Mr. Hodson went to the farm and told of what had happened. John Hodson then sent a man into Lewes to advise the Police there and went himself into Falmer to contact PC Billingshurst who was then the local constable. Billingshurst then went to the body and examined it, finding the deceased had been beaten about the head and shot in the back. The only belongings in the pockets were a handkerchief, two pipes and several pieces of paper. With the assistance of Tuppen the body was removed it to the house, and in doing so it was found that there was part of a gun stock and a trigger underneath.
Police Superintendant Jenner from Lewes, accompanied by a sergeant and a constable arrived at the cottage at ten minutes to nine, in the meantime having sent for the Police Surgeon Dr. Smythe.
Doctor Smythe arrived and examined the body, finding that David had been shot in the back and then beaten about the head, presumably with the same gun as had been used to fire the fatal shots. The surgeon later described that the deceased was dressed in a round smock, an old dark coat, waistcoat,trousers a cotton shirt and a flannel shirt. The smock had been blackened with gunpowder indicating that the shots had been fired from close range.
The police made various enquiries in the area, but no record of what they discovered if anything is available.
The rumour mill in Kingston village however was churning. One of the local residents Martin Brown, who at one time lodged with the Baldys, was known to own a gun. He was now lodging with a Mrs Wickham and according to a co-lodger, Brown had taken a gun out with him on the Friday evening and had returned without it. Brown had gone to his work as normal on the Saturday morning, and one of the locals had spoken to him about the murder. During the course of evening discussions, no doubt in the pub, a couple of the villagers decided to go into Lewes and tell the police of their suspicions. The newspaper records that “they stopped on the road at two or three places” so there was some delay in them arriving in Lewes.
In the meantime, Brown had left his lodgings, so that by the time Superintendant Jenner arrived in Kingston, the bird had flown. It seems that Brown had caught a train, and despite being seen by folk who knew about the suspicions, an attempt to stop the train was unsuccessful. A telegram to one of the stations down the line to this effect was ignored as it was regarded as a hoax.
On Sunday morning PCs Beck and Green went to Mrs Wickhams and searched a box belonging to Brown. Inside they found, amongst a large quantity of clothing, a six chamber revolver, fully loaded and several large bullets for a shotgun. There was also some bloodstained papers, a lead filled “life-preserver” and numerous other articles including a soldiers manual and details of Brown's enlistment in the militia.
The Inquest was opened on the following Monday, the jury having been sworn in, they were conveyed by horse omnibus to the cottage, where the body still lay. For some unknown reason, his wife Harriet did not formally identify the body, this being done by Elizabeth Baldy, the wife of David's brother William. The Jury returned to Lewes, not without mishap however, as a rein on the omnibus broke, resulting in some of the passengers being tipped onto the road.
Several witnesses were called including Doctor Smythe and the young Walter Baldy. The latter did not actually give evidence, as the coroner decided that he was either stupid or did not understand the nature of the oath.
At the end of the day, the inquest was adjourned until the following Monday. There were no local newspaper reports of the inquest actually being resumed.
Police enquiries obviously continued as to the whereabouts of Brown, although it was at one time thought that he had fled to France.
However, on Saturday 17thOctober a Superintendant of Police from Brighton went to Maidstone Barracks and arrested Brown who had enlisted in the Royal Artillery under the name of Reuben Harvey. What kind of detective work was involved in arriving at this conclusion is not known.
At his trial on December 29 at Lewes, it was revealed that Martin Brown was in fact Martin Henry Vinal, who had a criminal record. Although the evidence was completely circumstantial, as no one had actually seen Brown near the scene of the murder, and there was no conclusive evidence that the parts of the gun found at the scene was part of the weapon owned by Brown, he was found guilty and sentenced to death. Throughout the proceedings, and after the verdict, Brown maintained his innocence.
Brown was executed at Lewes County Gaol on 18thJanuary 1869. Public hangings had been abolished in the previous year. After the execution it was revealed that whilst in prison awaiting execution, Brown had confessed to the murder. He maintained that he had not intended to murder David Baldy, William Tuppen had been his intended victim, due to some animosity between the two over some poaching activities. Brown stated in his confession that he had waited on Newmarket Hill, saw a man coming along and thought it was Tuppen. Called out to him and then fired the shots that killed him. He then beat him about the head with the gun which broke in the process. He only found that it was David Baldy when he searched the clothing for a watch which he knew that Tuppen had owned. However he still robbed him and made off after hiding the rest of the gun nearby.
© E.H. & J.Y.McKie
Descendants of Walter Baldie
1. Walter Baldie, born Bef 1662, died 1680 in Falmer Sussex, buried 12 Oct 1680 in Falmer He married Elizabeth.
2. i. William Baldie born 1676.
2. William Baldie, born 1676 in Falmer, died 1729 in Falmer Sussex, buried 1729 in Falmer Married 18 May 1699 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, Anne Wood, born Bef 1688, died 1744 in Falmer Sussex, buried 12th February 1744 in Falmer
i. Anne Baldy, born 1700 in Falmer.
3. ii. Elizabeth Baldy born 1702.
iii. Mary Baldy, born 1704 in Falmer.
4. iv. William Baldy born 7 Jul 1707.
5. v. Thomas Baldy born 1709.
6. vi. John Baldy born 1712.
7. vii. Edward Baldy born 1717.
viii. Jane Baldy, born 1717 in Falmer.
ix. Richard Baldy, born 13 Sep 1719 in Falmer Sussex, died 1722, buried 21 Nov 1722 in Falmer
3. Elizabeth Baldy, born 1702. Married 10 Jul 1722 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, William Jonnor, born Bef 1704 in Seaford, Sussex.
i. Mary Joynor, born 1723 in Lugashall.
ii. William Joynor, born 1727 in Lugashall.
4. William Baldy, born 7 Jul 1707 in Falmer Sussex, died 1757 in Falmer Sussex, buried 5th July 1757 in Falmer Married 26 Apr 1733 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, Ann Nokes, born Bef 1718, died 1749 in Falmer Sussex, buried 12 Feb 1749 in Falmer.
i. William Baldy, born 1733 in Falmer Sussex, died 1733 in Falmer Sussex, buried 29 May 1733 in Falmer
ii. John Baldy, born 1734 in Falmer Sussex.
iii. Martha Baldy, born 1736 in Falmer Sussex.
iv. Mary Baldy, born 1739 in Falmer Sussex.
8. v. William Baldy born 1741.
vi. Sarah Baldy, born 1744 in Falmer Sussex. Married 15 Oct 1774 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, Richard Weller, born Bef 1756 in Portslade, Sussex.
vii. Ann Baldy, born 1747 in Falmer Sussex.
5. Thomas Baldy, born 1709 in Falmer, died Bef 1769. Married 6 Feb 1732 in All Saints, Lewes, Sussex, Ann Pack.
i. William Baldy, born 1733 in Falmer Sussex.
ii. Thomas Baldy, born 1734 in Falmer Sussex.
iii. Ann Baldy, born 1738 in Falmer Sussex.
iv. Joanna Baldy, born 1742 in Falmer Sussex.
9. v. Richard Baldy born 1744.
6. John Baldy, born 1712 in Falmer, buried 21 Feb 1782 in Litlington Sussex. Married 28 Sep 1735 in Stanmer Sussex, Mary Overy, buried 13 Jan 1778 in Litlington Sussex.
i. William Baldy, born 1737 in Litlington, died 1739 in Litlington Sussex, buried 15 Sep 1739 in Litlington Sussex.
ii. Mary Baldy, born 1744 in Litlington.
iii. Susan Baldy, born 1745 in Litlington.
iv. Jane Baldy, born 1749 in Litlington, died 1749, buried 23 Sep 1749 in Litlington Sussex.
7. Edward Baldy, born 1717 in Falmer, buried 30 Dec 1788 in Iford Sussex. Married 16 Jul 1738 in St Thomas Lewes, Ann Dollidge, buried 8 Jan 1789 in Iford Sussex.
i. Dinah Baldy, born 1739 in Iford, buried 20 Jun 1748 in Iford Sussex.
ii. William Baldy, born 1740 in Iford, buried 14 Jun 1763 in Iford Sussex.
iii. Mary Baldy, born 1742 in Iford, buried 15 Aug 1774 in Iford Sussex.
iv. Edward Baldy, born 1747, buried 28 Feb 1747 in Iford Sussex.
v. Richard Baldy, born 1747, buried 28 Feb 1747 in Iford Sussex.
vi. Edward Baldy, born 1749 in Iford.
vii. Richard Baldy, born 1752 in Iford.
viii. John Baldy, born 1845 in Iford, died 1851 in Iford, buried 6 Oct 1851 in Iford Sussex.
8. William Baldy, born 1741 in Falmer Sussex, died 1779. Married 24 Mar 1761 in Falmer Sussex, Rebecca Penfold, born 1732 in Westmeston Sussex, (daughter of William Penfold and Susan (Or Sussanah) Farncombe) died 1784 in Falmer Sussex, buried 30 Jul 1784 in Falmer.
i. William Baldy.
10. ii. John Baldy born 1765.
iii. Martha Baldy.
11. iv. Thomas Baldy born 1769.
v. Ann Baldy.
vi. Rebecca Baldy, born 1774 in Falmer Sussex, died 1777 in Falmer Sussex, buried 20 Jul 1777 in Falmer.
vii. James Baldy, born 16 Mar 1779 in Falmer Sussex, died 1787 in Falmer Sussex, buried 22 Jul 1787 in Falmer.
9. Richard Baldy, born 1744 in Falmer Sussex. Married 16 Jul 1765 in Hamsey, Sussex, Mary Howell.
12. i. Johanna Baldy.
ii. Mary Baldy.
iii. Elizabeth Baldy.
iv. Thomas Baldy.
v. Sarah Baldy.
vi. Ann Baldy.
vii. Frances Baldy.
viii. Susannah Baldy.
ix. James Baldy.
x. John Baldy.
xi. Lucy Baldy.
xii. Philadelphia Baldy.
xiii. Richard Baldy.
xiv. Lucy Baldy.
10. John Baldy, born 1765 in Falmer Sussex, died Mar 1843 in Falmer Sussex, buried 13 Mar 1843. Married 19 Apr 1791 in Falmer, Elizabeth Balcombe, born 1764, died 1837 in Falmer Sussex, buried 23 Apr 1837 in Falmer.
13. i. Mary Baldy born 10 Nov 1791.
ii. Nancy Baldy, born 8 Apr 1793 in Falmer Sussex.
iii. James Baldy, born 22 Mar 1795 in Falmer Sussex, buried 5 Jul 1795 in Falmer.
14. iv. Martha Baldy born 31 Aug 1796.
15. v. William Baldy born 24 Nov 1799.
16. vi. Sarah Baldy born 4 Sep 1801.
17. vii. Edward Baldy.
18. viii. Jesse Baldy born 1805.
19. ix. David Baldy.
11. Thomas Baldy, born 1769 in Falmer Sussex, died 1826 in Falmer Sussex, buried 5 Jun 1826 in Falmer Sussex. Married 11 Nov 1793 in St. Thomas, Lewes, Philadelphia Beard, born 1773 in Falmer Sussex, (daughter of Richard Beard and Ann Lulham) died Jul 1834 in Falmer Sussex, buried 10 Jul 1834 in Falmer.
i. Philis Baldey, born 19 Jan 1794.
20. ii. Rebecca Baldy born 22 Feb 1797.
21. iii. Thomas Baldy born 29 Dec 1798.
iv. Sarah Baldy, born 18 Nov 1800 in Falmer Sussex, died 1801, buried 25 Nov 1801 in Falmer Sussex.
22. v. Susannah Baldy.
23. vi. James Baldy.
vii. Eleanor Baldy, died 1876 in Falmer, Sussex, buried 6 Sep 1876 in Falmer.
24. viii. Abigail Baldy born 11 Jul 1810.
25. ix. William Baldy born 5 Mar 1817.
12. Johanna Baldy. Married 27 Aug 1787 in Hamsey, Sussex, Benjamin Breach.
i. Elizabeth Breach.
ii. Elizabeth Breach.
iii. Philadelphia Breach.
iv. George Thomas Breach, born 10 Nov 1799.
26. v. John Breach born 12 Oct 1801.
vi. Jane Breach.
13. Mary Baldy, born 10 Nov 1791 in Falmer Sussex. Married 20 Jan 1810 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, Jacob Mockford.
i. John Mockford.
ii. William Mockford.
27. iii. Eliza Mockford.
iv. David Mockford.
28. v. Sarah Mockford.
14. Martha Baldy, born 31 Aug 1796 in Falmer Sussex, died 1871 - 1881. Married 2 May 1816 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, Thomas Walls, born 1792 in Waldron Sussex, died 1864, buried 28 Jun 1864 in Falmer Sussex.
i. Thomas Walls, born 16 Oct 1815 in Falmer Sussex.
29. ii. Henry Walls born 9 Apr 1817.
iii. William Walls, born 3 Dec 1819 in Falmer Sussex.
iv. Jesse Walls, born 17 Apr 1824 in Falmer Sussex, died 1825 in Falmer, buried 23 Aug 1825 in Falmer.
30. v. Timothy Walls born 24 Feb 1830.
vi. Martha Walls, born 1832 in Falmer.
31. vii. George Walls.
viii. James Walls, born 18 May 1836 in Falmer Sussex, died 1837, buried 22 Jun 1837 in Falmer.
15. William Baldy, born 24 Nov 1799 in Falmer Sussex, died 1874 in Falmer Sussex, buried 26 Jun 1874 in Falmer. He married Elizabeth, born 1801 in Southease.
i. Sarah Baldy, born 1827.
32. ii. Harriett Baldy born 1830.
iii. Eliza Baldy, born 1832.
33. iv. Alfred Baldy born 1836.
34. v. George Baldy born 1838.
16. Sarah Baldy, born 4 Sep 1801 in Falmer Sussex, died 1861 - 1871. (1) She married John Muddle. (2) Married 1 Dec 1829 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, Francis Meads, born 1801 in Keymer Sussex, (son of Edward Meades and Mary) died 1874 in Falmer Sussex.
i. Sarah Baldy, born Apr 1813 in Falmer Sussex, buried 4 Jan 1814 in Falmer
ii. Edmund Meads, born 22 Feb 1830 in Falmer Sussex, died 1830 in Falmer Sussex, buried 25 Jul 1830 in Falmer
iii. Phillip Meads.
iv. Edward Meads, died 1840 in Falmer Sussex, buried 27 Sep 1840 in Falmer
v. Ellen Meads.
17. Edward Baldy, died 1873 in Brighton Sussex. (1) Married 18 Apr 1827 in Rottingdean, Sussex,, Lydia Pope, born 1807 in Rottingdean, Sussex,, (daughter of Thomas Pope and Ann Field Hamper) died 1860 in Falmer Sussex, buried 13 Nov 1860 in Falmer. (2) Married 1866 in Brighton Sussex, Sarah Rands, born 1820 in Hampstead Middlesex.
i. Sarah Anne Baldy. Married 11 Nov 1850 in Falmer, Henry Sceaves, (son of Peter Sceaves).
35. ii. Thomas Baldy born 19 Jan 1831.
iii. Mary Baldy, born 6 Sep 1833 in Falmer Sussex, died 1835 in Falmer Sussex.
36. iv. Lydia Baldy born 1834.
v. Anne Baldy, born 12 Aug 1835 in Falmer Sussex. Married 9 May 1852 in Falmer, Thomas Gaston, (son of John Gaston).
vi. Lucy Baldy, born 25 Mar 1837 in Falmer Sussex.
vii. John Baldy, born 1842 in Rottingdean, Sussex,.
viii. Edward Baldy.
ix. William Baldy, born Sep 1845 in Falmer Sussex, died 1846 in Falmer Sussex, buried 4 Jun 1846 in Falmer.
x. Martha Baldy.
xi. George Baldy.
18. Jesse Baldy, born 1805 in Keymer Sussex, died 1868 in Falmer Sussex, buried 31 Aug 1868 in Falmer. Married 15 Dec 1828 in St. Nicholas Brighton, Mary Ann Lullam, born 1806 in Rottingdean, Sussex,, (daughter of James Lullam and Elizabeth Hobden) died 1885 in Falmer Sussex.
i. John Baldy, born 12 Feb 1829 in Falmer Sussex, died 1847 in Brighton Sussex, buried 13 Mar 1847 in Falmer.
ii. David Baldy, born 22 Dec 1830 in Falmer Sussex.
iii. James Baldy, born 4 Feb 1833 in Falmer Sussex.
iv. Esther Baldey, born 3 Jan 1835 in Falmer Sussex. Married 10 Apr 1868 in St Nicholas Brighton, James Pettet, born 1838 in Seaford Sussex, (son of Samuel Pettet).
v. Alfred Baldey, born 29 Dec 1837 in Falmer Sussex. (1) Married 22 Nov 1868 in St Nicholas Brighton Sussex, Charlotte Lulham, born 18 May 1844 in Newhaven, (daughter of Francis Lulhamand Louisa Lulham) died 1881 in Sussex. (2) Married 1883 in Sussex, Harriet Simmons, born 1845 in East Grinstead.
vi. Eliza Baldy. Married 21 May 1866 in St Nicholas Brighton, William Pettit, (son of Richard Pettit).
vii. Ellen Baldy. Married 22 Apr 1874 in St Nicholas Brighton Sussex, John Taylor, (son of Charles Taylor).
37. viii. Jonathon Baldy.
19. David Baldy, died 9 Oct 1868 in Kingston Nr Lewes Sussex. (1) Married 25 Aug 1844 in St Nicholas Brighton Sussex, Hannah Harris, born Bef 1814, died Bef 1851. (2) Married 1854 in Brighton Sussex, Harriet Tuppen, born 1820 in Brighton Sussex, died 1889 in Brighton Sussex.
38. i. David Baldy born 1850.
ii. Phillip Baldy, born 7 Feb 1854 in Brighton Sussex.
39. iii. Walter Baldy born 1856.
40. iv. Mark Baldy born 1859.
v. Sarah Baldey, born 1863 in Sussex.
20. Rebecca Baldy, born 22 Feb 1797 in Falmer Sussex, died 2 May 1865 in 6 Russell Place, Southwark. Married 25 Apr 1823 in St Olave Southwark, William Worsfold, born 23 Aug 1798 in St John Horseleydown Bermondsey, (son of Richard Worsfoldand Mary Callaway) died 18 Dec 1870 in 5 Hatcham Terrace, New Hatcham.
i. William Worsfold, born Abt 1826 in Lambeth Surrey (Now London).
41. ii. Henry Worsfold born Abt 1832.
iii. John Worsfold, died 1838 in Lambeth Surrey (Now London).
iv. Sarah Rebecca Worsfold.
42. v. Philadelphia Worsfold born 18 Sep 1843.
21. Thomas Baldy, born 29 Dec 1798 in Falmer Sussex, died Bef 1841. Married 1832, Sussanah Wood, born 1798, died 1836 in Falmer Sussex, buried 19 Jun 1836 in Falmer.
i. Thomas Baldy, born 13 Feb 1833 in Falmer Sussex, died 1834, buried 14 Mar 1834 in Falmer.
43. ii. Barbara Baldey born 30 Mar 1834.
iii. Philadelphia Baldy, born 2 Sep 1835 in Falmer Sussex, buried 3 Nov 1835 in Falmer.
22. Susannah Baldy. Married 10 May 1823 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, William Golds.
i. Mary Golds, born 19 Jun 1823 in Falmer Sussex.
ii. Thomas Golds.
23. James Baldy, died 1847, buried 24 Apr 1847 in Falmer. Married 30 Nov 1825 in Falmer, Hannah Shadwell, born 1804 in Burwash Sussex, (daughter of Thomas Shadwell) died 1873 in Lewes Sussex.
44. i. Thomas Baldy born 23 Feb 1826.
ii. Jesse Baldy, born 20 Mar 1828 in Falmer Sussex.
iii. Elizabeth Baldy, born 29 Apr 1830 in Falmer Sussex. Married 18 Nov 1852 in Falmer, Joseph Brown, born 1829 in Chailey Sussex, (son of Joseph Brown).
iv. John Baldy, born 5 Feb 1833 in Falmer Sussex, died 1846 in Falmer Sussex, buried 3 Apr 1846 in Falmer.
v. Ellen Baldy, born 4 Jul 1835 in Falmer Sussex.
vi. Sarah Ann Baldey, born 1839 in Falmer Sussex, died 1840 in Falmer Sussex, buried 5 Apr 1840 in Falmer.
vii. Caroline Baldy, died 1858 in Falmer.
viii. James Baldy, born Jun 1844, died 1846 in Falmer Sussex, buried 20 Mar 1846 in Falmer.
24. Abigail Baldy, born 11 Jul 1810 in Falmer Sussex, died 1874 in Lambeth. (1) Married 1847 in West London, John Simmonds, born 1811 in Cheam, Surrey, died 1853 - 1861. (2) Married 1864 in Wandsworth, Surrey, Luke Chubb, born 1816 in Shoreditch.
45. i. William Simmonds born 1853.
25. William Baldy, born 5 Mar 1817 in Falmer Sussex, buried 31 Jul 1849 in Falmer Married 22 Feb 1847 in Stanmer Sussex, Mary Scrase, born 1819 in Lewes, Sussex.
i. William James Baldy, buried 28 Nov 1849 in Falmer
26. John Breach, born 12 Oct 1801. Married 22 Jul 1826 in Steyning Sussex, Charlotte Prescott, born Bef 1812.
i. John Breach, born 13 Jan 1828.
ii. Mary Ann Breach, born 9 Jan 1831.
iii. George Breach, born 8 Apr 1832.
iv. Alfred Henry Breach, born 6 Feb 1834.
v. Charles Breach, born 12 Jun 1836.
vi. William Breach, born 17 Jun 1838.
27. Eliza Mockford, died 1869 in Brighton Sussex. Married 11 Jun 1838 in Rottingdean, Sussex,, William Randall, born 1807 in East Malling Kent, (son of William Randall).
i. Joseph Randall, born 1841 in Laughton Sussex.
ii. Louisa L. Randall, born 1845 in Laughton Sussex.
iii. Robert Randall, born 1847 in Laughton Sussex.
iv. Thomas Randall, born 1850 in Laughton Sussex.
v. Benjamin Randall, born 1856 in Brighton Sussex.
vi. Mary J. Randall, born 1860 in Brighton Sussex.
28. Sarah Mockford. Married 5 Jul 1841 in Rottingdean, Sussex,, Thomas Goddard, born 1820 in Ovingdean Sussex, (son of William Goddard).
i. William Goddard, born 1855 in Brighton Sussex.
29. Henry Walls, born 9 Apr 1817 in Falmer Sussex. (1) Married 1846 in Lewes & Co-Dec Qtr, Ann Banfield, born 1823 in Woodmancote, Nr Hurstpeierpoint Sussex, (daughter of John Banfieldand Ann) died 1860 in Falmer. (2) Married 1872, Jane Read, born 1825 in Hellingly Sussex, died 21 Feb 1895 in Falmer.
i. Emily Walls, born 1846 in Falmer Sussex.
ii. Eliza Walls, born 1847 in Falmer Sussex.
46. iii. Thomas Walls.
iv. Lucy Walls, born 1851 in Falmer Sussex.
v. Harry Walls.
vi. Agnes Louisa Walls, born 1856 in Falmer Sussex.
vii. Harriett Walls, born 1858 in Falmer Sussex.
viii. Letsie Walls, born 1860 in Falmer Sussex.
30. Timothy Walls, born 24 Feb 1830 in Falmer Sussex. Married 4 May 1851 in Falmer Sussex, Mary Ann Harman.
i. Martha Harriet Walls.
ii. Jemima Walls.
iii. Harriett Walls.
iv. Elizabeth Walls.
v. Fanny Walls.
vi. Mary Jane Walls.
vii. Alice Walls.
viii. Emma Walls.
ix. Fred Walls, born 1869 in Falmer Sussex.
31. George Walls, died 1872 in Brighton Sussex. Married 1857 in Brighton Sussex, Rebecca Sharp, born 1834 in Lancing Sussex.
i. George Walls, born 1858 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Arthur Walls, born 1861 in Brighton Sussex.
iii. Georgina Walls, born 1864 in Brighton Sussex.
iv. Alfred Walls, born 1866 in Brighton Sussex.
v. Albert Walls, born 1869 in Brighton Sussex.
vi. Helen Walls, born 1871 in Brighton Sussex.
32. Harriett Baldy, born 1830. Married 27 Jun 1852 in St Laurences Church Falmer Sussex, William Clayton, born 1824 in Keighly Yorkshire, (son of William Clayton).
i. Elizabeth Clayton, born 1855 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Harriet Clayton, born 1857 in Brighton Sussex.
iii. William Clayton, born 1860 in Brighton Sussex.
iv. Ellen Clayton, born 1863 in Brighton Sussex.
v. Katherine Clayton, born 1865 in Brighton Sussex.
vi. Alfred Clayton, born 1868 in Brighton Sussex.
vii. Eliza Clayton, born 1870 in Brighton Sussex.
33. Alfred Baldy, born 1836 in Lewes Sussex. Married 10 Oct 1868 in St Nicholas Brighton, Mary Read, born 1840 in Stanmer Sussex, (daughter of William Read and Mary).
i. William A. Read, born 1866 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Alfred Baldy, born 1869 in Falmer Sussex.
iii. Mark Baldy.
iv. Harry Baldey, born 1874 in Falmer Sussex.
v. Eliza Baldey, born 1879 in Plumpton Sussex.
34. George Baldy, born 1838 in Lewes Sussex, died 1900 in Falmer Sussex. Married 7 Feb 1863 in Falmer, Catherine Cooper, born 1839 in Slinfold Sussex, (daughter of Emerey Cooper).
i. Elizabeth Baldy.
ii. Eliza Baldy.
iii. Kate Baldy.
iv. Harriett Baldey, born 1870 in Falmer Sussex.
v. Mary Baldey. Married 1900 in Falmer, Harry Hills, born 1865 in Chailey Sussex.
vi. Joseph William Baldey, buried 1 Sep 1876 in Falmer
vii. Nellie Baldey.
viii. Susan Baldey, buried 29 Dec 1881 in Falmer
ix. George Emery Baldy, born 1883 in Falmer Sussex, died 1892 in Falmer Sussex.
x. Harry Baldey, born 1886 in Falmer Sussex.
35. Thomas Baldy, born 19 Jan 1831 in Falmer Sussex, died 1897. He married Ellen, born 1824 in Hurstmonceaux Sussex.
i. Caroline Ann Baldy, died 1855, buried 26 Aug 1855 in Falmer
ii. Mary Baldy, born 1857 in Falmer Sussex.
47. iii. Ellen Baldy born 1859.
iv. Fanny Baldy, born 1861 in Falmer Sussex.
v. John Baldy, born 1864 in Falmer Sussex.
48. vi. Amy Baldy born 1866.
vii. Lydia Baldy, born 1869 in Falmer Sussex, died 1872 in Falmer Sussex, buried 10 Nov 1872 in Falmer
36. Lydia Baldy, born 1834 in Croydon Surrey.
i. Ann Elizabeth Hicks Baldey.
37. Jonathon Baldy, died 1900 in Brighton Sussex. Married 9 Jan 1875 in St Nicholas Brighton Sussex, Mary Ann Charman, born 1851 in West Chillington Sussex, (daughter of James Charman).
49. i. John Levi Baldey born 1876.
38. David Baldy, born 1850 in Brighton Sussex, died 1900 in Brighton Sussex. Married 20 Sep 1876 in St Peter's Brighton Sussex, Florence Elizabeth Rich, born 1852 in Kingston Nr Lewes Sussex, (daughter of Abel Richand Priscilla Hammond).
i. Florence A. Baldey, born 1878 in Brighton Sussex.
39. Walter Baldy, born 1856 in Falmer Sussex. Married 1885 in Brighton Sussex, Mary Ann Roney, born 1859 in Brighton Sussex.
i. Florence Georgina Baldey, born 1885 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Minnie Baldey, born 1887 in Brighton Sussex.
iii. Walter Baldey, born 1890 in Brighton Sussex.
40. Mark Baldy, born 1859 in Falmer Sussex. Married 1881 in Brighton Sussex, Alice Dockerill, born 1860 in Brighton Sussex.
i. Mark Alfred Baldey, born 1883 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Alice Esther Baldey, born 1886 in Brighton Sussex.
iii. Ellen Mary Baldey, born 1888 in Brighton Sussex.
41. Henry Worsfold, born Abt 1832 in Bermondsey, Surrey (Now London), died 13 Mar 1891 in Raine St. Infirmary Stepney. Married 3 Feb 1856 in Catholic Chapel, Johnson St. Stepney, Margaret Keefe, born Abt 1836 in Cork Ireland, (daughter of Charles Keefeand Catherine Keefe) died 28 Jun 1879 in 113 Pennington Street. St George In The East.
50. i. William Worsfold born 11 Dec 1856.
ii. Henry Worsfold, born 14 Jan 1859 in 11 Peters Court Whitechapel, died 1862 in Whitechapel.
iii. Rebecca Worsfold, born 30 May 1861 in 5 Foxes Buildings Southwark. Married 1884 in St. Geo in the East(Dec Qtr), William Noble Bragg, born 1862 in Clerkenwell- Dec Qtr, (son of William Henry Braggand Emma Elizabeth Thorpe) died 1890 in Whitechapel.
51. iv. Hannah Worsfold born 6 Feb 1864.
v. Catherine Worsfold, born 20 Dec 1868 in 56 Freeschool St. St. John Horseleydown, died 1872 in Whitechapel.
52. vi. Charles Worsfold born 12 Nov 1871.
vii. Thomas Worsfold, born 1874 in Whitechapel.
viii. Margaret Worsfold, born 1877 in St. Geo in the East, died 1879 in St. Geo in the East.
42. Philadelphia Worsfold, born 18 Sep 1843 in 19 Peartree Street Lambeth, died 1909 in Greenwich, Kent. Married 4 Apr 1863 in St Georges Southwark, Charles Ponder, born 1840 in Shoreditch Middx, (son of Charles Ponder and Hannah Nash).
53. i. Charles Ponder born 1865.
ii. Alfred Ponder, born 1866 in Camberwell Surrey. Married 1889 in Lambeth Dec Qtr 1D 709, Jessie Harris, born 1871 in St Lukes Finsbury.
iii. William Ponder, born 1868 in Camberwell Surrey, died 1869 in Camberwell Surrey.
54. iv. Philadelphia Ponder born 1870.
v. Catherine Ponder, born 1872 in Camberwell Surrey.
55. vi. Hannah Ponder born 1874.
vii. Alice Ponder, born 1875 in Camberwell Surrey.
viii. Wallace Ponder, born 1877 in Camberwell Surrey.
ix. Thomas Ponder, born 1878 in Camberwell Surrey.
x. Lizzie Ponder, born 1880 in Camberwell Surrey.
xi. Edgar Ponder, born 1883 in Camberwell Surrey.
xii. Lilian Ponder, born 1885 in Camberwell Surrey.
43. Barbara Baldey, born 30 Mar 1834 in Falmer Sussex. Married 1862 in Cuckfield, Sussex, Alfred Coleman, born 1827 in Chilton, Sussex.
56. i. Alfred William Coleman born 1865.
44. Thomas Baldy, born 23 Feb 1826 in Falmer Sussex, died 1907. (1) Married 30 Oct 1851 in Falmer, Barbara Burfield, (daughter of Thomas Burfieldand Mary) died 1852 in Brighton Sussex, buried 24 Feb 1852 in Falmer (2) Married Dec 1852 in Brighton Sussex, Ann Shadwell, born 1833 in Burwash Sussex, (daughter of William Shadwell and Ann Pennals) died 1909 in Cuckfield, Sussex.
i. William James Baldy, born 1854 in Falmer Sussex.
ii. Elizabeth Ann Baldy, born 1857 in Stanmer Sussex.
iii. Ellen Caroline Baldy, born 1860 in Stanmer Sussex.
iv. Thomas Baldy, born 1862 in Stanmer Sussex.
v. George Baldy, born 1866 in Stanmer Sussex.
57. vi. Catherine Baldy born 1868.
58. vii. Charles Alfred Baldy born 1870.
59. viii. Mary Jane Baldey born 1873.
60. ix. Frank Baldy born 1876.
x. Arthur Victor Baldey, born 1893 in Stanmer Sussex.
45. William Simmonds, born 1853 in Clapham Surry. Married 1877 in Wandsworth, Charlotte Emily Grimmett, born 1854 in Clapham Surry.
i. William Simmonds, born 1878 in Clapham Surry.
ii. Charlotte Simmonds, born 1880 in Clapham Surry.
iii. Henry Bray Simmonds, born 1882 in Clapham Surry.
iv. Ernest John Simmonds, born 1884 in Clapham Surry.
v. Mary Simmonds, born 1886 in Clapham Surry.
vi. Dora A. Simmonds, born 1892 in Clapham Surry.
46. Thomas Walls. Married 1881 in Falmer- Mar Qtre 2B 233, Ellen Susan Beard, born 1850 in Falmer Sussex, (daughter of Robert Beardand Sarah Unstead).
i. Lilian Walls, born 1882 in Falmer.
47. Ellen Baldy, born 1859 in Falmer Sussex. Married 1881 in Lewes Sussex, William Crouch, born 1841 in Piddinghoe Sussex.
i. George James Baldey, born 1879 in Newhaven.
ii. Thomas Crouch, born 1882 in Southease Sussex.
iii. Ernest Crouch, born 1885 in Eastbourne Sussex.
iv. Arthur Crouch, born 1892 in Eastbourne Sussex.
v. Alice Crouch, born 1896 in Eastbourne Sussex.
vi. Mary Crouch, born 1900 in Eastbourne Sussex.
48. Amy Baldy, born 1866 in Falmer Sussex. Married 1898 in Brighton Sussex, Frank Baldy, born 1876 in Stanmer Sussex, (son of Thomas Baldyand Ann Shadwell).
i. Violet Amy Baldey, born 1898 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Adeline Florence Baldey, born 1900 in Falmer Sussex.
49. John Levi Baldey, born 1876 in Brighton Sussex. Married 1898 in Brighton Sussex, Daisy Edith Halls, born 1877 in Brighton Sussex, (daughter of Harry Charles Halls and Ellen Cox).
i. Alfred Baldey, born 1899 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Reginald Levi Baldey, born 1901 in Brighton Sussex.
iii. Mabel Edith Baldey, born 1901 in Brighton Sussex.
50. William Worsfold, born 11 Dec 1856 in 8 Well Yard, Aldgate, died 12 Nov 1916 in St George In The East Infirmary. Married 15 Aug 1885 in St Thomas Church Stepney, Elizabeth Eder, born 12 Jul 1865 in City Of London Lying In Hospital, (daughter of Joseph Alphons Ederand Elizabeth Dietz) died 26 Jul 1956 in Mile End Hospital.
i. Henry Claude (Harry) Worsfold, born 25 Oct 1885 in St. Geo in the East, died 24 Jul 1964 in Vancouver BC Canada.
ii. Elizabeth Worsfold, born 1887 in St. Geo in the East.
iii. William Francis Worsfold, born 12 Apr 1890 in St. Geo in the East, died 30 Oct 1985 in Wanstead, Essex.
iv. Margaret Worsfold, born 9 Jan 1893 in St. Geo in the East.
v. Louisa Worsfold, born 28 Aug 1897 in St. Geo in the East, died 5 Jul 1989 in Bethnal Green Hospital.
61. vi. Lily Mary Worsfold born 4 Jun 1900.
vii. Rose Augusta Worsfold, born 4 Jun 1900 in 13 Cornwall St Stepney, died 6 May 1989 in Stepney.
viii. Thomas Worsfold, born 1904 in St. Geo in the East, died 5 Jul 1987 in Devon.
ix. Rebecca Worsfold, born 1907, died 28 Jun 1963 in St. Geo in the East.
51. Hannah Worsfold, born 6 Feb 1864 in 7 Walton Crt. Cartwright St. Aldgate, died 1911 in Whitechapel. Married 1887 in St. Geo in the East, William Groom, born 1865 in St. Geo in the East, (son of John Groomand Margaret Salter).
i. William Groom, born 1888 in St. Geo in the East.
ii. Charles Groom, born 1889 in St. Geo in the East.
52. Charles Worsfold, born 12 Nov 1871 in 3 Cartright Street Aldgate Whitechapel. Married 19 Apr 1891 in St Thomas Church Stepney, Mary Ann Lay, born 1868 in Wapping, (daughter of Stephen Lay).
i. Charles Worsfold, born 1893 in St. Geo in the East.
ii. Ernest William Worsfold, born 3 Jan 1896 in 159 St Georges Street St George In The E, died 16 Sep 1916 in Killed In Action France.
iii. Mary Worsfold, born 1899 in St. Geo in the East.
iv. Elizabeth Worsfold, born 17 Sep 1904 in St George's Infirmary, Stepney.
53. Charles Ponder, born 1865 in St Georges Southwark. Married 1893, Florence Dunham, born 1868 in Clerkenwell, (daughter of David Dunhamand Mary A.).
i. Florence Ponder, born 1895 in Camberwell Surrey.
ii. Lillian Ponder, born 1896 in Camberwell Surrey.
iii. Phyllis Ponder, born 1898 in Camberwell Surrey.
iv. Ethel M. Ponder, born 1900 in Camberwell Surrey.
54. Philadelphia Ponder, born 1870 in Camberwell Surrey. Married 18 Sep 1892 in St Phillips Church Camberwell, Sidney Stephen Nobbs, born 1866 in Lambeth Surrey (Now London), (son of Benjamin Nobbsand Joanna Childers Dean).
i. Phyllis May Nobbs, born 1894 in Peckham.
ii. Sydney Wallace Nobbs, born 1895 in Peckham.
iii. Albert Alfred Nobbs, born 1896 in Peckham.
iv. Kathleen Winifred Nobbs, born 1898 in Peckham.
55. Hannah Ponder, born 1874 in Camberwell Surrey. Married 1895 in St Saviour Southwark, Edward James Catchpole, born 1874 in Rotherhithe.
i. Annie E. Catchpole, born 1896 in Peckham.
ii. Edward C. Catchpole, born 1897 in Deptford Kent.
iii. Edgar E. Catchpole, born 1899 in Deptford Kent.
iv. George A. Catchpole, born 1900 in Deptford Kent.
56. Alfred William Coleman, born 1865 in S Milford. Married 1891 in Uckfield, Ada Edwards, born 1860 in Carshalton, Surrey.
i. Maud Coleman, born 1897 in Leatherhead.
ii. Eli Coleman, born 1900 in Hingold, Sussex.
57. Catherine Baldy, born 1868 in Stanmer Sussex. Married 1895 in Brighton Sussex, David Lander, born 1872 in Rottingdean, Sussex,.
i. Ivy K. Lander, born 1897 in Brighton Sussex.
58. Charles Alfred Baldy, born 1870 in Stanmer Sussex. Married 1891 in Brighton Sussex, Eliza Maria Burtenshaw, born 1871 in Brighton Sussex.
i. Edith Mary Baldey, born 1893 in Brighton Sussex.
ii. Charles William Baldey, born 1894 in Brighton Sussex.
iii. Ernest Edward Baldey, born 1898 in Brighton Sussex.
59. Mary Jane Baldey, born 1873 in Stanmer. Married 1895 in Brighton Sussex, Frederick William Trimmer, born 1869 in Wandsworth, Surrey.
i. Constance M Trimmer, born 1896 in Brighton, Sussex.
ii. Olive M. Trimmer, born 1898 in Brighton, Sussex.
iii. Florence Amelia Trimmer, born 1900 in Brighton, Sussex.
60. Frank Baldy, (See marriage to number 48.)